Certified Fraud Examiner

The Certified Fraud Examiner (CFE) is a qualification issued by the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (ACFE). The ACFE organization is a provider of anti-fraud education and training. CFE training includes teaching about information on difficult financial transactions and appreciating forensic approaches, regulation, and deciding on claims of fraud.


Computer Fraud

Computer Fraud is defined as the action of utilizing a computer to attain or modify the electronic information or to get the illegal usage of a mechanical system or computer. Computer fraud in the United States is particularly forbidden by the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act, which specializes in proscribing this matter, which is considered computer-related under the federal authority.


Computer System Penetration

Computer System Penetration, known as a penetration test (or pen test), is an official virtual cyber-attack towards a computer system, executed to assess the security of the system. The test classifies the strengths and weaknesses of the system, as well as how likely it is for someone unauthorized to gain access to the features and data of the system, in order to enable a complete hazard assessment.


Confirmation Fraud

Confirmation fraud is a type of fraud that comes in two layers. First, a fraudster falsifies transactional information, like pretending to deposit a certain amount of money in an account (on someone else's behalf). Then, the fraudster creates fake materials that falsely confirm that that first transaction went through, when in reality it didn't. In short, a fake deposit (or other transaction) is falsely confirmed as having gone through by a fake confirmation, so as to cover up the fact that the first transaction was actually fraudulent.


Conflict of Interest

Conflict of Interest or COI is a situation where a member of multiple interests, in fulfilling their obligations to one interest, can fail the obligations they have to another. The inability to please multiple interests simultaneously, or even just the possibility of not being able to please them both, is then termed a "conflict of interest."


Consumer Authentication

Consumer Authentication is the term used for the devices that are designed to verify that a person making a transaction or any business deal is really the person who is certified to do that action. This term applies to both card-not-present transactions as well as in-person transactions.


Contract Fraud

A person commits contract fraud when they make a knowingly false statement that serves to trick or deceive another person into signing a contract. A person also commits contract fraud when, through misrepresentation, they trick an individual who does not believe they are entering into a contract, into signing one.


Cookie

A "cookie" is defined as a small amount of information that a Web browser saves on the user’s system. Cookies are a method designed for Web applications to retain the application domain. Cookies are commonly used by websites for verification, saving the user's information/preferences on the website, or browsing system information or any other matters that support the Web browser while it gets into the Web servers.


Corporate fraud

Corporate fraud is the purposeful falsification of the financial data of a company or the actions that have been made by the company to deliver fake information to the public, in order to increase the company’s profits. Characteristic cases of corporate fraud are complicated, extremely private, and if exposed consist of the economic indignities and elusions of financial accountabilities that the company has committed.


Corporate Identity Theft

Corporate Identity Theft, also known as CIT, is the deceitful and careful falsification of an identity of a company. It is also sometimes called a “white-collar crime” since it is commonly performed in a “cyber setting,” and is not in the field of the conventional criminal.


Corruption

The term corruption describes when the integrity of an entity is compromised or put at risk by inner actors who aim to illegally or unethically benefit themselves or that entity. The goal of corruption can be financially-related, but does not need to be in order to be considered corruption.


Counterfeit Card

Counterfeit cards are fake credit cards with an actual account's info that can be gained through various methods. A lot of times the victims of these crimes will still have their actual cards and never realize that their information was stolen. These cards might appear to be genuine and even have the issuers’ logos along with the encoded magnetic strips.


Counterfeiting

Counterfeiting is defined as the planned attempt to duplicate a real and authentic article such as a symbol, trademark or even money with the purpose to distort and convince the purchaser or the recipient to believe that he or she is really purchasing or receiving the real article itself.


Crawler

A web crawler, also known as a web spider or web robot, is a program, software package, or automated script which browses the Global Web in a systematic and automated method. Web crawlers are mostly used to generate a duplicate of all the pages they visit, then processing them throughout a search engine that will file the copied pages to deliver faster search results.


Credential Stuffing

Credential stuffing is a form of cyber-attack where a taken account's credentials, usually containing the lists of usernames and/or email ID along with the matching passwords, are stolen and then used to gain illegal access to real user accounts over a large-scale automated login.


Credentials

Credentials refer to achievements or titles bestowed upon someone, generally by an authoritative body, that are brought up in order to validate the capabilities and suitability of that person for a certain task.


Credit Bureau

A credit bureau is an organization that gathers and also investigates the entirity of credit information from a person and then sells the information to the creditors to get a fee so that they will able to make a decision regarding the permitting of a loan. These organizations usually associate with all kinds of loaning institutions and credit issuers to assist them in making any loan decisions.


Credit Card

A credit card is a thin four-sided block of plastic allotted by a financial firm that allows cardholders to borrow some funds to pay for products and services purchases. Credit cards are subject to the condition that cardholders must repay the borrowed cash, sometimes with interest or other charges.


Credit Card Fraud

Credit Card Fraud refers generally to any fraudulent transaction using a credit card as a source of funds. The fraudulent transaction may be committed to obtain goods or services or to illegally obtain funds from an account. Credit card fraud may occur simultaneously with identity theft, but can also occur when a legitimate consumer makes a purchase with no intention of paying for the goods or services, sometimes referred to as chargeback fraud or friendly fraud. Credit card fraud is related to debit card fraud, differing primarily in the form of payment. Another form of credit card fraud is new application fraud, in which a perpetrator applies for a credit card in a victim's name, then uses the card to purchase goods and services illegally. A victim’s credit card information can be acquired in a number of ways, by being purchased on the deep/dark web, by using skimmers at retail points of sale or ATMs, or through corporate data breaches.. The true cost of credit card fraud for merchants is more than just the cost of lost merchandise — it also includes lost profits, bank fees and chargeback costs.


Credit Card Fraud Detection

Credit Card Fraud Detection is a system for detecting and recognising fraudulent credit card transactions in order to provide the proper information to credit card companies, so that true cardholders are not charged for the reported transactions that they have never actually done.


Credit Card Number

A credit card number is the exclusive number printed on a credit card. The first six numbers written on a credit card are the issuer's identification numbers, and the last remaining numbers are exclusive to the specific card. These credit card numbers are typically available in embossed form on the credit card.


Credit Card Refund Schemes

Credit Card Refund Schemes are schemes related to when customers try to obtain a return on funds after an item purchased with a credit card is returned. The cashier for the transaction may fake a refund on that transaction so as to take out money, or say that a refund was for more than it should be to pocket the extra money. The retailer reimbursing the customer for their refund may also pocket that cash instead, hoping the customer doesn't notice, as some credit card refunds can take up to 30 days.


Credit Fraud

Credit fraud is described as a situation where a customer's personal information has been stolen by a fraudster in order to make a new credit claim using the stolen information. In this case, the customer's name may not be authorized.


Cryptocurrency

A cryptocurrency is a virtual or digital currency that applies cryptography for safety purposes. A crypto currency is quite challenging to counterfeit because of the security feature. Many of the crypto currencies are distributed systems built on Blockchain technology, which is a scattered accounting book applied by a dissimilar system of computers.


Cryptogram

A cryptogram is a form of puzzle that contains a small part of encrypted text. Usually the code used to encrypt the text is quite simple so that the cryptogram can be resolved manually. Often the cryptogram is used for exchange codes where each letter is exchanged for a different number or letter. 


Cryptography

Cryptography is the study (as well as the practice) of methods for secure communication in the presence of malicious third parties. Generally, cryptography is centered around creating and investigating procedures that prevent the public from reading confidential messages. A number of data security features such as data privacy, data truthfulness, verification, and even non-refutation are essential for contemporary cryptography.


Current Address Fraud

Current address fraud occurs when a fraudster changes the known address of somebody to a new one, thus re-routing their mail to somewhere the fraudster can likely access it.


Customer Due Diligence

Customer Due Diligence, also known as CDD, is defined as the method by which appropriate data or information regarding the customer is gathered as well as assessed for any possible threat for the business, money laundering, or even terrorist financing actions.


Customer Identity and Access Management

Customer Identity and Access Management, also known as CIAM, could be defined as a subsection of the broader Identity Access Management or IAM, and it specifically focuses on dealing with or handling personalities, access, and the security designed for software applications.


CVV (Card verification value)

A card verification value is a 3 or 4 digit number on your credit or debit card. This number is often asked for when making purchases online, so as to prove that the physical card is in the possession of the person making the transaction. Other qualities of a card can be stolen or copied through methods like using a card skimmer, but the CVV won't be recorded through those methods, making the CVV a useful and important authenticator in online card transactions.


Cyber Fraud

Cyber fraud is described as a situation in which a fraudster uses the Internet to earn money, products, or some other interest on things which they obtained illegally from people, generally through deceiving or tricking them.