Computer Fraud

Computer Fraud is defined as the action of utilizing a computer to attain or modify the electronic information or to get the illegal usage of a mechanical system or computer. Computer fraud in the United States is particularly forbidden by the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act, which specializes in proscribing this matter, which is considered computer-related under the federal authority.

Computer System Penetration

Computer System Penetration, known as a penetration test (or pen test), is an official virtual cyber-attack towards a computer system, executed to assess the security of the system. The test classifies the strengths and weaknesses of the system, as well as how likely it is for someone unauthorized to gain access to the features and data of the system, in order to enable a complete hazard assessment.

Confirmation Fraud

Confirmation fraud is a type of fraud that comes in two layers. First, a fraudster falsifies transactional information, like pretending to deposit a certain amount of money in an account (on someone else's behalf). Then, the fraudster creates fake materials that falsely confirm that that first transaction went through, when in reality it didn't. In short, a fake deposit (or other transaction) is falsely confirmed as having gone through by a fake confirmation, so as to cover up the fact that the first transaction was actually fraudulent.

Conflict of Interest

Conflict of Interest or COI is a situation where a member of multiple interests, in fulfilling their obligations to one interest, can fail the obligations they have to another. The inability to please multiple interests simultaneously, or even just the possibility of not being able to please them both, is then termed a "conflict of interest."

Consumer Authentication

Consumer Authentication is the term used for the devices that are designed to verify that a person making a transaction or any business deal is really the person who is certified to do that action. This term applies to both card-not-present transactions as well as in-person transactions.

Contract Fraud

A person commits contract fraud when they make a knowingly false statement that serves to trick or deceive another person into signing a contract. A person also commits contract fraud when, through misrepresentation, they trick an individual who does not believe they are entering into a contract, into signing one.


A "cookie" is defined as a small amount of information that a Web browser saves on the user’s system. Cookies are a method designed for Web applications to retain the application domain. Cookies are commonly used by websites for verification, saving the user's information/preferences on the website, or browsing system information or any other matters that support the Web browser while it gets into the Web servers.

Corporate fraud

Corporate fraud is the purposeful falsification of the financial data of a company or the actions that have been made by the company to deliver fake information to the public, in order to increase the company’s profits. Characteristic cases of corporate fraud are complicated, extremely private, and if exposed consist of the economic indignities and elusions of financial accountabilities that the company has committed.

Corporate Identity Theft

Corporate Identity Theft, also known as CIT, is the deceitful and careful falsification of an identity of a company. It is also sometimes called a “white-collar crime” since it is commonly performed in a “cyber setting,” and is not in the field of the conventional criminal.


The term corruption describes when the integrity of an entity is compromised or put at risk by inner actors who aim to illegally or unethically benefit themselves or that entity. The goal of corruption can be financially-related, but does not need to be in order to be considered corruption.

Counterfeit Card

Counterfeit cards are fake credit cards with an actual account's info that can be gained through various methods. A lot of times the victims of these crimes will still have their actual cards and never realize that their information was stolen. These cards might appear to be genuine and even have the issuers’ logos along with the encoded magnetic strips.


Counterfeiting is defined as the planned attempt to duplicate a real and authentic article such as a symbol, trademark or even money with the purpose to distort and convince the purchaser or the recipient to believe that he or she is really purchasing or receiving the real article itself.