Crawler

A web crawler, also known as a web spider or web robot, is a program, software package, or automated script which browses the Global Web in a systematic and automated method. Web crawlers are mostly used to generate a duplicate of all the pages they visit, then processing them throughout a search engine that will file the copied pages to deliver faster search results.


Credential Stuffing

Credential stuffing is a form of cyber-attack where a taken account's credentials, usually containing the lists of usernames and/or email ID along with the matching passwords, are stolen and then used to gain illegal access to real user accounts over a large-scale automated login.


Credentials

Credentials refer to achievements or titles bestowed upon someone, generally by an authoritative body, that are brought up in order to validate the capabilities and suitability of that person for a certain task.


Credit Bureau

A credit bureau is an organization that gathers and also investigates the entirity of credit information from a person and then sells the information to the creditors to get a fee so that they will able to make a decision regarding the permitting of a loan. These organizations usually associate with all kinds of loaning institutions and credit issuers to assist them in making any loan decisions.


Credit Card

A credit card is a thin four-sided block of plastic allotted by a financial firm that allows cardholders to borrow some funds to pay for products and services purchases. Credit cards are subject to the condition that cardholders must repay the borrowed cash, sometimes with interest or other charges.


Credit Card Fraud

Credit Card Fraud refers generally to any fraudulent transaction using a credit card as a source of funds. The fraudulent transaction may be committed to obtain goods or services or to illegally obtain funds from an account. Credit card fraud may occur simultaneously with identity theft, but can also occur when a legitimate consumer makes a purchase with no intention of paying for the goods or services, sometimes referred to as chargeback fraud or friendly fraud. Credit card fraud is related to debit card fraud, differing primarily in the form of payment. Another form of credit card fraud is new application fraud, in which a perpetrator applies for a credit card in a victim's name, then uses the card to purchase goods and services illegally. A victim’s credit card information can be acquired in a number of ways, by being purchased on the deep/dark web, by using skimmers at retail points of sale or ATMs, or through corporate data breaches.. The true cost of credit card fraud for merchants is more than just the cost of lost merchandise — it also includes lost profits, bank fees and chargeback costs.


Credit Card Fraud Detection

Credit Card Fraud Detection is a system for detecting and recognising fraudulent credit card transactions in order to provide the proper information to credit card companies, so that true cardholders are not charged for the reported transactions that they have never actually done.


Credit Card Number

A credit card number is the exclusive number printed on a credit card. The first six numbers written on a credit card are the issuer's identification numbers, and the last remaining numbers are exclusive to the specific card. These credit card numbers are typically available in embossed form on the credit card.


Credit Card Refund Schemes

Credit Card Refund Schemes are schemes related to when customers try to obtain a return on funds after an item purchased with a credit card is returned. The cashier for the transaction may fake a refund on that transaction so as to take out money, or say that a refund was for more than it should be to pocket the extra money. The retailer reimbursing the customer for their refund may also pocket that cash instead, hoping the customer doesn't notice, as some credit card refunds can take up to 30 days.


Credit Fraud

Credit fraud is described as a situation where a customer's personal information has been stolen by a fraudster in order to make a new credit claim using the stolen information. In this case, the customer's name may not be authorized.


Cryptocurrency

A cryptocurrency is a virtual or digital currency that applies cryptography for safety purposes. A crypto currency is quite challenging to counterfeit because of the security feature. Many of the crypto currencies are distributed systems built on Blockchain technology, which is a scattered accounting book applied by a dissimilar system of computers.


Cryptogram

A cryptogram is a form of puzzle that contains a small part of encrypted text. Usually the code used to encrypt the text is quite simple so that the cryptogram can be resolved manually. Often the cryptogram is used for exchange codes where each letter is exchanged for a different number or letter. 


Cryptography

Cryptography is the study (as well as the practice) of methods for secure communication in the presence of malicious third parties. Generally, cryptography is centered around creating and investigating procedures that prevent the public from reading confidential messages. A number of data security features such as data privacy, data truthfulness, verification, and even non-refutation are essential for contemporary cryptography.


Cryptomining

Cryptocurrencies require large amounts of computer power to be created, or “mined”. Some legitimate companies specialize in mass cryptomining through dedicated mining farms.

Cyber criminals and fraudsters, however, like to deploy cryptomining viruses or bots on unsuspecting users’ computers, or even organizations’ servers. This allows them to mine at scale, without spending extra money on equipment or resources like electricity.