A computer virus is a kind of malevolent software or a piece of code that, when executed, is capable of copying itself and typically has a detrimental effect, such as corrupting the system or destroying data. When this replication succeeds, the areas are then said to be "infected" with a computer virus.


Vishing, which stands for "voice-phishing", describes the fraudulent practice of making phone calls or leaving voice messages purporting to be from reputable companies in order to induce individuals to reveal personal information, such as bank details and credit card numbers. The fraudster may even utilize deepfake technology to synthetically recreate another's voice in order to pull the scheme off. Vishing attacks are generally intended to scare the victim into acting quickly, and therefore can happen within short time frames.